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  Sat 21 May 2022


Sat 21 May 2022  

Human Papilloma Virus, Cervical Smears and Cervical Cancer

On Monday 4th August, Haughton Thornley Medical Centres and Dr Mohammed Ali Abdool (FY2 doctor) invited Dr Kyle Gilmour (consultant gynaecologist, clinical director and gynaecological cancer lead at Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust) to come and talk to patients and staff about Human Papilloma Virus, cervical smears and cervical cancer. The recent publicity around the diagnosis, treatment and subsequent death of Jade Goody as well as the recent introduction of a vaccine against Human Papilloma Virus which is thought to reduce the risk of cervical cancer has created a great deal of awareness of the condition and what we are trying to do to prevent the condition.


  • Interesting facts
  • The Human Papilloma Virus
  • The cancer
  • The vaccine
  • Your body and the smear


  • How to take a smear

  • What happens when you have an abnormal smear

  • Different types of smear results

  • Who gets referred for colposcopy?


  • What is colposcopy?

  • Using acetic acid for abnormal cells

  • Punch Biopsy or “see and treat” loop biopsy

  • Follow-up after treatment

  • Does severely abnormal smears mean cancer?

  • If you have a loop biopsy, are you more likely to have a miscarriage?

  • Do you think the change in policy for screening programme to start at age 25 will increase the number of undetected cancers in those aged less than 25?

  • Different start dates for smears in the countries.

  • Changes in cervix in ladies under 25

  • If you have sex at 12. are you at a greater risk of getting cervical cancer by the time you reach 25

  • If you are 22 and in England and want a smear then can you have one?


  • Why did the other home countries choose to go back to doing smears from 20 onwards?
  • Will the vaccine help against cervical cancer?
  • Smears help to identify pre-cancer
  • Smears are a very poor way of diagnosing cervical cancer
  • If you have genital warts are you more likely to get cervical cancer?
  • Do you think boys should be having the HPV vaccine?
  • HPV 16 & 18 does not affect boys

  • We are vaccinating 12 year old girls now but we will see the benefits in 20 years
  • Girls who have the vaccine MUST still have regular smears
  • Other HPV subtypes may also cause cervical cancer that we are not aware of
  • Once you have come into contact with HPV, the vaccine does not work which is why it is important to have the vaccine before girls become sexually active
  • If you are 25 and not sexually active do you still need smears?


  • Watch on screen how easy it is to learn about your health
  • How does the practice website, www.htmc.co.uk, support patients to understand cervical smears and cancer better ?
  • See how to access the test patient GP electronic health record
  • Learn how to check the result of your last smear, how to see consultations that you have had with your doctor or nurse in the practice
  • Learn how to see trusted websites about the condition you suffer with eg cervical cancer which you can see directly from your GP electronic health record without having to do any searches
  • Learn how NHS Choices informs you about cervical cancer
  • Learn how to navigate Map of Medicine to learn about the management of cervical cancer
  • Learn how to use HealthSpace to monitor your weight, store notes about your health that you can ask later and store appointments in the calender to send automatic e-mail reminders about appointments you may have

British Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology


Further information about Cervical Cancer is available here from NHS Choices

Also you can see the Map of Medicine pathway which is the knowledge management tool showing the latest evidenced based medicine on how to assess and treat suspected cervical cancer and some of the issues you may wish to consider with your clinician as you decide further management and what choices you may have.

Don't forget to use HealthSpace to remind yourself of any appointments you may have. You will need to add your appointments yourself and then set it to send you a reminder via e-mail. You can also use it to monitor your health whilst you are on treatment and to store any notes in case you want to raise any issues with the doctor or nurse next time you go. It's your personal organiser on the internet for you! If you are becoming forgetful then you may wish to allow your carer to do this for you - they cannot access your electronic health record without your permission.

Get access to your GP electronic health record so that you can check when your last mammogram was and the result and also see when you are next due. If you have cervical cancer then you should also get access to your records so that you can keep a closer eye on your health and help to monitor it better. For further information please click here

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